We collect vulnerability information for Office 2010 from a variety of sources: partners, security community, public sources, and also by testing if newly discovered vulnerabilities affecting still-supported Office versions might also affect Office 2010. When we come across a vulnerability that in our assessment presents a high risk and have sufficient data to reproduce it, create a micropatch for it that works on fully updated Office 2010.
Consequently, an Office 2010 vulnerability may become known but it may pose too low a risk to warrant micropatching. Also, we may not have sufficient data about the vulnerability to be able to reproduce it and therefore create a micropatch. Should this happen, we will certainly utilize our connections with researchers and partners to obtain such data.
As a reference, we've been providing security micropatches for Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2 since January 2020 and issued micropatches for 21 high-risk vulnerabilities in the first 9 months of the service.